Traumatic Brain Injury

Last updated: March 15, 2015

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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a nondegenerative, noncongenital abuse to the brain from an external mechanical force. This may possibly lead to permanent or temporary impairments of cognitive, physical, and psychosocial functions with an associated diminished or altered state of consciousness. Sufferers may experience head injury, brain injury, head trauma, brain concussion, brain contusion, subdural hematoma, epidural hematoma, skull fractures, subarachnoid hemorrhage, or intracerebral hemorrhage.

The term, "brain injury" is often used synonymously with "head injury", which may not be associated with neurological deficits. Head injury is any alteration in mental or physical functioning related to a blow to the head. Sufferers may experience coma, concussion, head trauma, intracranial bleed, loss of consciousness, neuroprotection, skull fracture, subdural hemorrhage, or traumatic brain injury.

Reference Books and Resources

There are several excellent books about the brain. See our suggested reading list for general information and detailed reference books for your library.

Brain Injury Resources

Traumatic Brain Injury Resources

Find more resources using the Areas of Focus Traumatic Brain Injury category search.


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