- Fahrner Image Replacement (FIR) FIR is a standards-compliant technique that uses stylesheets and ordinary HTML to provide a visible image, usually consisting of text. The CSS specifies that the image will display in most cases; if it should not display for some reason, the underlying structural HTML markup is supposed to take its place… Because it does not nest an image inside a heading, FIR is at least superficially better for accessibility.
- Flash accessibility
- Adobe Accessibility Resource Center. Need your Web site Section 508 compliant? Get information and tools to make your web pages accessible, including the ability to test your Acrobat, Dreamweaver, Fireworks, Flash, and Shockwave files.
- Can Flash be made accessible? Yes: JK Rowling Flash website – Case study – Web Access Centre (.pdf)
The J.K. Rowling accessible website was launched in July 2005 and is recognised as one of the most advanced and accessible Rich Media experiences, pioneering new accessibility features for disabled, blind and partially sighted internet users.
- Creating Accessible Flash Content WebAIM article, last updated: Sep 24, 2013.
- Flickering content or high contrast oscillating patterns may trigger Photosensitive Epilepsy, an article from Juicy Studio about the need to avoid flickering Web content, using photosensitive epilepsy as the basis for discussion.
- Floatutorial Maxdesign's step-by-step guide shows how to float elements such as images, drop caps, and next and back buttons to create image galleries, inline lists, and multicolumn layouts.
- How People with Disabilities Use the Web provides scenarios and descriptions for how different types of disabilities affect Web use.
- IBM Accessibility Research Contains information on how to make websites accessible as well as build accessible software.
- International Association of Accessibility Professionals (IAAP) is dedicated to the concept of accessibility for all participants. We recognize that our work promoting the development of an accessibility profession can never be complete unless all people can engage in education, networking and certification opportunities. We will work both to deliver accessible information and services and to continually improve in areas where new accessibility barriers are identified.
- Jim Thatcher accessibility consulting
- JuicyStudio is a Luminosity Colour Contrast Ratio Analyser that promotes best practices for making websites accessible for all.
- Knowbility supports the independence of children and adults with disabilities by promoting the use and improving the availability of accessible information technology.
- Making Information Accessible, the SAIF Standards for Disability Information and Advice Provision in Scotland. [UK]
- Usability Guidelines for Accessible Web Design by the Nielsen Norman Group
- Microsoft Accessibility. Includes accessibility information for developers.
- "Research-Based Web Design & Usability (21 MB .pdf) U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. The Research-Based Web Design & Usability Guidelines, Enlarged/Expanded edition. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2006.
- Resources for the Hearing Impaired FREE…add a signer module to your software, a math test, and other educational learning modules. "Learning in Motion is proud to pioneer the research and development of educational software. By-products of our development role are modules of code and functionality we're happy to share. Sample our tools for deaf and hard-of-hearing. These free tools and resources are available for projects or personal use."
- Level Access, the digital accessibility rock stars (formerly SSB Bart Group, formerly SSB Technologies, Inc.,) has an unparalleled history in helping achieve compliance for regulations and standards such as ADA, Section 508, WCAG, VPAT, CVAA, AODA. They have worked with many regulatory and standards-developing organizations in an advisory capacity, including the U.S. Access Board, Federal Communications Commission and the World Wide Web Consortium.
Software design, integration, analytics, and monitoring; FREE Demand Letter Risk Assessment, Training webinars
- FREE Online Page Checker, Accessible Color Picker, Color Contrast Checker
- Download FREE web accessibility test tools by Level Access Automatic Testing,
- Side by Side WCAG vs. 508 comparison
- Technology and Information Accessibility from American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)
- The Paciello Group accessible interface design help for government agencies, technology vendors, e-commerce corporations, and educational institutions
- Universal Design Education Online
- U.S. Access Board Information and Communication Technology Revised 508 Standards and 255 Guidelines. New
- U.S. Government Website Accessibility Guidelines. This is an annotated table created to assist NASA webmasters in the goal of making all Government websites accessible to persons with disabilities.
- Web Views – iOS – Human Interface Guidelines
- W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI)
- W3C Accessibility Standards Overview
- Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.1 W3C Recommendation 05 June 2018
- Quick Reference to How to Meet the New W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.1 requirements (success criteria) and techniques.
- WAI-ARIA Web Accessibility Initiative – Accessible Rich Internet Applications
- WAI-ARIA Authoring Practices 1.2 W3C Working Draft 18 December 2019
- WAVE – WebAIM's Web Accessibility Evaluation Tool is a suite of evaluation tools that helps authors make their web content more accessible to individuals with disabilities. WAVE can identify many accessibility and Web Content Accessibility Guideline (WCAG) errors, but also facilitates human evaluation of web content.
- Web Accessibility in Mind (WebAIM) has excellent information for the Web designer for accessible sites. The site provides tools and items to consider when designing for the following disability types:
- "Wired Seniors: A fervent few, inspired by family ties", by Susannah Fox, et al., from the Pew Research Center, Internet and Technology, 9 September 2001, found that four million Americans aged 65 and over were online, sending e-mail to family members and surfing for important information. Demographics research report from the Pew Internet & American Life Project. By now, that number has increased significantly.
- World Usability Day Observed each year, it has a specific focus and is honored around the world on the second Thursday of the month of November.
- World Wide Web Usability special issue International Journal of Human-Computer Studies (IJHCS) (1997) 47(1) 1-222 [United Kingdom]
- Word to HTML conversion tool: CZ Document Converter
What is Mobility?
Mobility is the quality of moving freely.
Reference Books and Resources
There are several excellent books related to mobility. See the suggested reading list for general information and detailed reference books for your library.
- Accessible Train Travel in Canada & the U.S.
- Physical Impairment
- Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Equipment Resources
- Spinal Cord Injury Resources
- Sports Medicine and Sports Management Resources
- Sports and Recreation
- Wheelchairs & Scooters Resources
Look for more mobility resources using the Areas of Focus Mobility category search.
Also look at our Accessible Travel page.
Recent and Relevant
- Motor Disabilities techniques and concepts
- One-Handed and Two-Handed Keyboard a standard desktop keyboard that has been enhanced to allow both one-handed and two-handed touch-typing
- The Stair-Climbing Wheelchair iBOT Mobility System
- VisionKey brings the latest in wearable eye-controlled communication technology to enable users with ALS, brainstem stroke, muscular dystrophy, CP, Locked-in-Syndrome, Quadriplegia, or traumatic brain injury to use eye movements for complete computer access and for augmentative communication. Available in English, French, and Spanish and runs on Macintosh and Windows platforms. Manufactured by H.K. EyeCan. [Canada]
- Ms. Wheelchair America Pageant
- Shirley Ryan AbilityLab: Conditions Treated [formerly the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago (RIC)] uses 5 new Innovation Centers with state-of-the-art hospital facilities and equipment. Each Innovation Center focuses on an area of biomedical science with extraordinary promise: Brain; Spinal Cord; Nerve, Muscle & Bone; Pediatric, and Cancer to help patients gain function, achieve better outcomes and enjoy greater independence. New
- Arms + Hands Lab is a robust environment designed for patients and research participants working on recovering and strengthening complex hand and reaching skills: turning a key, picking up a pen, putting on a sweater, all the many things we do with our hands, arms, and fingers.
- Legs + Walking Lab disability training services at the Shirley Ryan AbilityLab of Chicago (SRA) for patients recovering from stroke and TBI with diagnoses affecting lower-body function due to brain or spinal cord injury and diseases of the nerves, muscles and bones. Researchers and clinicians focus on advancing trunk, pelvic and leg function, movement, and balance.
- Pediatric Lab pediatric patients (inpatient and outpatient) work with doctors, researchers, and therapists in this kid-customized Pediatric Lab, scaled for smaller bodies, developing brains, and appealing to young imaginations.
- Strength + Endurance Lab is designed for patients and research participants working on building stamina and resilience. Therapy is targeted to improve complex motor and endurance activities, coordination and higher-level activities of daily living (cooking, dressing, gardening, sports).
- Think + Speak Lab helps patients recover the ability to think, reason, perceive, swallow, eat, talk, interact with others, and make decisions that are key for returning to yourself, loved ones, and life.
- Winning Wheels, a comprehensive rehabilitative care and independent living center. It combines the treatment regime typically associated with a rehabilitation hospital and the daily nursing care provided by a skilled nursing facility. All resources are concentrated on eliminating barriers to independent living. Winning Wheels is located on a picturesque 12 wooded acres in rural Northwestern Illinois. New
- The Strength Coach On a Roll talk radio on life and disability
- Wheelchair Pride blog about disability rights, wheelchairs, exoskeletons, and technology which improves the lives of wheelchair users.