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Adrian E. Park, M.D., chief of general surgery at the University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC) and professor of surgery and vice chair of the Department of Surgery at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, found that 87 percent of laparoscopic surgeons have experienced physical symptoms or discomfort as a result of managing the unique surgical constraints associated with laparoscopic surgery. A post on the UMMC blog includes a video where Dr. Park explains the challenges of performing minimally invasive surgery and how these challenges limit the surgeon's movements and impact his or her body both during and after the procedure in this video.
This video also shows their usability lab. See https://bit.ly/bXvFVh