Last updated: May 25, 2016

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  • Concept Coding Framework (CCF): people with impaired communication, including difficulties to read or write, may use symbols as an alternative or complement to character based texts. Referencing to, and exchanging these alternatively coded messages over the Internet is difficult due to the lack of standardised encoding schemes and common practises. This site is intended to motivate, describe and promote the introduction and adoption of a common, open and vendor neutral Concept Coding Framework (CCF) to overcome some of these difficulties.
    • CCF Background Paper The presented paper, "Inclusive AAC – Multi-Modal and Multilingual Language Suppport for All", won the best paper award 2013. The paper and presentation builds on the work carried out during several years, also participating in EU projects, WWAAC, AEGIS, creating a framework for concept coding, to facilitate the use of many natural languages and symbol languages in applications. One practial appliance is symbolsupport for LibreOffice and an Android App. Contributors to this work, and the published paper submitted to the conference, is Mats Lundälv, Sandra Derbring of DART, and Bengt Farre, Annika Brännström of Androtech Consulting and Lars Nordberg of Femtio Procent Data.
    • WWAAC Report Summary – Project reference: IST-2000-27518 – "Concept coding framework" from Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS), the European Commission's primary public repository and portal to disseminate information on all EU-funded research projects and their results in the broadest sense.
  • English as a Foreign Language (EFL) The mission of the Intensive English Program at Georgetown University is to provide quality language instruction and cultural orientation to students who require English for their academic, professional or personal needs. [Georgetown University, Washington, DC]
  • Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) Fulbright Scholar Program, a program of the United States Department of State Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs. Beginning with the 2014-2015 competition, opportunities for scholars specializing in Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) and associated fields are being organized and showcased in an entirely new way by the Fulbright Scholar Program. Although grants will continue to be made to a specific country, all TEFL opportunities are now grouped under a single award number (#5000). By presenting the full range of TEFL within a worldwide context, potential applicants will be able to examine and compare more than 50 country options simultaneously.
  • English Grammar FAQ
  • TESL/TEFL/TESOL/ESL/EFL/ESOL Links maintained by The Internet TESL Journal. Links of Interest to Students & Teachers of English as a Second Language There are currently 10192 registered links. (Last Update: 27-Mar-2012)
  • Foreign Languages for Travelers online translating dictionaries for 35 languages.
  • OISE Language schools around the world intensive language schools
  • German translating dictionaries German to English, German to to French, German to to Spanish, and German to to Italian
  • Makaton, a communication programme using symbols and signs for communication and learning disabilities
  • Stern Center for Language and Learning, is a nonprofit learning center dedicated to helping children and adults reach their full potential. The center is committed to helping individuals identify their learning strengths as well as their needs and to finding solutions that allow everyone to learn. We evaluate and teach more than 900 children and adults each year including those with learning disabilities, dyslexia, language disorders, autism, attention deficit disorders, and learning style differences.
  • The Internet TESL Journal The Internet TESL Journal published articles from 1995 through 2010. This website is now an online resource book for teachers who can refer to our published articles on teaching techniques and other things of interest to EFL and ESL teachers.
  • The SYMBERED Project "The aim of the Nordic SYMBERED project – funded by NUH – is to develop a user friendly editing tool that makes use of concept coding to produce web pages with flexible graphical symbol support targeted towards people with AAC needs."
  • Widgit, software for special needs, including symbols for literacy
  • World-Wide Augmentative and Alternative Communication (WWAAC) project This was a pan-european initiative to make the electronic highway more accessible for a wide range of persons with language and/or cognitive impairments. Their results are found on this site.

Physical Impairment

Last updated: March 3, 2015

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Speech Resources

Last updated: May 18, 2016

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  • American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)
  • Apple® Accessibility Features Vision built into all Macintosh computers provides adjustable keyboard, an ergonomic mouse, CloseView screen magnification software, Easy Access system software (StickyKeys, SlowKeys, MouseKeys), electronic documentation, key-repeat disable, text-to-speech synthesis and voice recognition (PlainTalk), sticky mouse, and visual alert cues. The VoiceOver spoken English interface for Mac OS X is a fully integrated, built-in screen reader technology providing access to the Macintosh through speech, audible cues, and keyboard navigation.
  • Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)
  • Center for Speech and Language Disorders is a non-profit organization with offices in Lombard and Chicago. Our mission is to help children with communication disorders reach their full potential through family centered services. CSLD's service delivery is set apart from its counterparts because each client benefits from an individualized relationship with their therapist. We recognize that one type of treatment does not fit all children, or all disorders. Each therapy plan is created based on the personal needs of the child and all therapeutic methods are research based and thus decisive and sound.
  • Dragon NaturallySpeaking (Windows platform only)
  • Dragon for MacUses the Legendary Dragon NaturallySpeaking speech recognition engine, works with other applications you have on your Mac. Offers Dragon Dictate for Mac, MacSpeech Scribe, and Dragon Dictate Medical for Mac
  • Job Access With Speech (JAWS) for Windows® screen reading software
  • Mayer-Johnson Hand Held Voice®, a dynamic screen voice recorder from Ability Research
  • Microsoft® Accessibility Resource Guide for People with Language & Speech Impairments tutorials for keyboard filters, speech recognition systems, screen review utilities, touch screens, and speech synthesizers.
  • Speech Technology: News, an article in Speech Technology (06/05) Vol. 10, No. 3, P. 10; by Nancy Jamison "Speech technologies are being mainstreamed often to the exclusion of users of assistive technology (AT), which include the dexterity, sight, hearing, cognitive, and speech impaired—and this is ironic, given that handicapped users frequently drive technology development. Market drivers for speech technologies include the government, which has set up legislation designed to make the provision of accessible products or services both a requirement as well as an incentive for companies, and the development of accessible mainstream products. Mainstream vendors must play a key role in boosting product accessibility, partly through the incorporation of speech technologies into product design. AT types for people with certain impairments may not be suitable for people with other disabilities: Speech technologies for sight-impaired individuals are useful as tools for conveying information, while the hearing-impaired often use them for command and control. Examples of speech technologies well suited to the vision-disabled include text-to-speech, voice-activated dialing, and note taker products that incorporate Braille. People suffering from hearing loss can take advantage of interactive communication solutions that use software to convert speech to text and video sign language in real time. Dexterity or mobility-challenged people often use automated speech recognition (ASR) to command and control both keyboard and software functions; ASR eliminates the need to use the keyboard or mouse by enabling users to supply data to business and productivity applications and dictate text into others. People with cognitive, language, or speech impairments can use technologies that convert spoken input into graphical images and are helpful for people undergoing speech therapy."
  • Telephone Access for People with Speech Disabilities
  • TTS: Synthesis of audible speech from text How does it work?
  • AT&T Labs' Natural Voices® Text-to-Speech Demo
  • ActiVocal voice-activated dialers and light bulb sockets
  • Voice Activated Telephone Dialer