Sight / Vision Loss Resources

  • About Glaucoma from the BrightFocus Foundation. Learn about some of the promising areas of glaucoma research that we are currently funding. BrightFocus Foundation is a nonprofit organization supporting research and providing public education to help eradicate brain and eye diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, macular degeneration, and glaucoma. We are working to save mind and sight.  Updated
  • ADA Guide for Places of Lodging: Serving Guests Who Are Blind Or Who Have Low Vision
  • All About Vision provides patient information about vision
  • American Council of the Blind The American Council of the Blind (ACB) was founded in 1961 but many of its state affiliates and local chapters have a history that can be traced back to the 1880s. Since its inception, ACB and its affiliates have been at the forefront of the creation of policies that have shaped the opportunities that are now available to people with disabilities in our country. ACB has also effectively collaborated with Vision Rehabilitation Service providers to develop the principles and values that should be at the heart of providing adjustment and placement services to people who are blind.
  • American Foundation for the Blind (AFB) As a national nonprofit with offices in five U.S. cities, the American Foundation for the Blind (AFB) is a leader in expanding possibilities for the more than 20 million Americans living with vision loss. We champion access and equality, and stand at the forefront of new technologies. Our award-winning programs directly address the most pressing needs of people with vision loss and their families. Like Helen Keller, AFB's most famous ambassador, we are committed to creating a more equitable world for people with disabilities. From infancy to education, career, and retirement, AFB is there to help at every stage of life.
  • American Printing House for the Blind The American Printing House for the Blind (APH) is the world's largest nonprofit organization creating educational, workplace, and independent living products and services for people who are visually impaired.
  • Armor-Tile provides detectable warning and wayfinding solutions for the visually impaired.
  • "Bibliography for Performance Systems Technology (PST) and Computer-based Instruction (CBI)" published in the ACM SIGDOC Journal of Computer Documentation (JCD) [The JCD is no longer being produced. ACM SIGDOC members are able to get copies of archived journals.]
  • Blindness and vision impairment Fact Sheet from the World Health Organization (WHO)  Updated
  • Blindness and Visual Impairment Resources Lensshopper.com is an independent information website about contact lenses, not affiliated with any retailer or distributor.
  • Canadian National Institute for the Blind
  • Charles Bonnet Syndrome Foundation for phantom vision
  • Columbia Lighthouse for the Blind (Washington, DC). Since 1900, Columbia Lighthouse for the Blind has been dedicated to helping the blind or visually impaired population of the greater Washington region overcome the challenges of vision loss. Our work enables people of all ages who are blind or visually impaired to remain independent, active and productive in society. Columbia Lighthouse for the Blind’s (CLB) programs and services include training and consultation in assistive technology, employment marketing skills training, career placement services, comprehensive low vision care, and a wide range of counseling and rehabilitation services.
  • Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness is the essential professional resource for information about visual impairment. The international peer-reviewed journal of record in the field, it delivers current research and best practice information, commentary from experts on critical topics, news, and events.  Updated
  • Leber Congenital Amaurosis, Type I; LCA1 (congenital retinal blindness) from the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database, Johns Hopkins University. Leber congenital amaurosis comprises a group of early-onset childhood retinal dystrophies characterized by vision loss, nystagmus, and severe retinal dysfunction. Patients usually present at birth with profound vision loss and pendular nystagmus. Electroretinogram (ERG) responses are usually nonrecordable. Other clinical findings may include high hypermetropia, photodysphoria, oculodigital sign, keratoconus, cataracts, and a variable appearance to the fundus (summary by Chung and Traboulsi, 2009).
  • Lighthouse International Lighthouse International "is a leading non-profit organization that helps people of all ages who are at risk for, or are experiencing, vision loss."
  • Media Access Group at WGBH develops and distributes captioning, video description, and MoPix means of access to movies and television for viewers who are deaf or hard of hearing
  • National Captioning Institute provides services to deaf, hard of hearing and other people who, for whatever reason, wherever situated and irrespective of their economic conditions, are limited in their ability to participate fully in the world of communications, heard, seen or written.
  • National Center for Accessible Media (NCAM) of CPB/WGBH is a research and development facility dedicated to the issues of media and information technology for people with disabilities in their homes, schools, workplaces, and communities.
  • National Federation of the Blind
  • NIH National Eye Health Education Program For more than 50 years, the National Eye Institute (NEI) has been on the front lines of vision research — and we continue to support cutting-edge research projects that investigate new ways to prevent, treat, or even reverse vision loss. We also work hard to help the public learn about vision problems and how to keep their eyes healthy.  New
  • Ray Charles: Trailblazing Artist and Advocate (1930-2004) tribute by Brent Hopkins, Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, July 2004, Vol. 98 Issue 7, p439. The tribute describes how Ray Charles was an example of how blindness need not prevent one from leading a full, productive life.  Updated
  • VisionAware – Resources for Independent Living with Vision Loss
  • Vision Australia – blindness and low vision services in Australia. A comprehensive site with many useful resources.
  • Visual Disabilities from WebAIM describes the types of vision disabilities: blindness, color-blindness, and low vision.
  • Vision Rehabilitation: Helping People with Low Vision (.pdf), NIH National Eye Health Education Program.  New

Assistive Technology

  • ABLEDATA provides objective information about assistive technology products and rehabilitation equipment.
  • Access Software Hal, Luna, LunaPlus, Super Nova, and Cicero screen readers and other access software that provides speech and Braille for Windows.
  • Active Living Alliance For Canadians with a Disability promotes, supports and enables Canadians with disabilities to lead active, healthy lives. We provide nationally coordinated leadership, support, encouragement, promotion and information that facilitates healthy, active living opportunities for Canadians of all abilities across all settings and environments.
  • ADA National Network provides information, guidance, and training on the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
  • All Access Pass: enabling technologies offer business possibilities, by Dan Costa, Communications, Home Office Computing, April 2001. (156 K .pdf) Copyright 2001 Freedom Technology Media Group.
  • Apple® Accessibility Features built into all Macintosh computers provides adjustable keyboard, an ergonomic mouse, CloseView screen magnification software, Easy Access system software (StickyKeys, SlowKeys, MouseKeys), electronic documentation, key-repeat disable, text-to-speech synthesis and voice recognition (PlainTalk), sticky mouse, and visual alert cues. The VoiceOver spoken English interface for Mac OS X is a fully integrated, built-in screen reader technology providing access to the Macintosh through speech, audible cues, and keyboard navigation.
  • Apple Accessibility Resources Mac-compatible hardware and software products are designed for those with special needs.
  • Access for Everyone (.pdf) Apple® Universal Access
  • Association of Assistive Technology Act Programs (ATAP) is a national, member-based non-profit organization, comprised of state Assistive Technology Act Programs funded under the Assistive Technology Act (AT Act)
  • Assistivetech.net offers devices and aids which can help a person with a disability perform activities that might otherwise be difficult or not be possible.
  • Assistive Technology Centre assistive technology shareware and information/resource sites provided by Kings Regional Rehabilitation Centre Technical Resource Centre. [Nova Scotia]
  • Assistive Tech for Students with Mild Disabilities – By Michael Behrmann, November 1994. Updated with Marci Kinas Jerome – Council for Exceptional Children (CEC), Division of Learning Disabilities (DLD), Update 2002
  • Assistive Technology Training Online Project (ATTO) proposes to develop, implement, evaluate and disseminate a model program to address the diverse needs for Assistive Technology training by exploring web-based instruction to create virtual workshops. The project provides information on AT applications that help elementary (K-5) students with disabilities learn in elementary classrooms.
  • Communication by Gaze Interaction (COGAIN) COGAIN Association is a network of excellence on Communication by Gaze Interaction. COGAIN integrates cutting-edge expertise on interface technologies for the benefit of users with disabilities. The network gathers Europe's leading expertise in eye tracking integration with computers in a research project on assistive technologies for citizens with motor impairments. [Europe]
    • COGAIN Wiki the Knowledge Base of the COGAIN Network. Here you can find information, photos, videos, guides, reports, links and more. You are also welcome to join our community and help us build knowledge about Gaze Interaction. [Europe]
  • Disability Systems & Software Development of TNET Services, Inc., which is located in the City of Mesa, Arizona. is a software development company that specializes in development of accessible technologies for the use by both the general public and the disABLED community.
  • Disabilities and The White House
  • Dragon Speech Recognition Solutions—Dragon for Everywhere
  • Freedom Scientific provides blind or vision-impaired computer users access to a wide variety of information, education and job-related applications. Freedom Scientific makes
    • JAWS® screen reading software
    • PAC Mate Omni™ accessible Pocket PC
    • MAGic® screen magnification software
    • SARA™ scanning and reading aloud appliance
    • OpenBook™ scanning and reading software
    • PAC Mate™ Portable Braille Displays
    • Focus Braille Displays
    • FSReader DAISY player
    • StreetTalk™ GPS solution
    • ScanTalker™ talking barcode reader solution
    • FSTTY deaf-blind telephone communications
    • FaceToFace™ deaf-blind personal communications
    • Accessories for blindness
    • TOPAZ™ desktop video magnifier
    • TOPAZ™ Connectivity Pack
    • ONYX™ multiple view magnification cameras
    • SARA™ scanning and reading aloud appliance
    • OPAL™ ultra-portable magnifier
    • ZoOmText with Speech screen magnification software and text reader
    • WYNN
    • TestTalker
  • CAL State University Northridge, Center on Disabilities (COD) is committed to the vision of an inclusive society where persons of all abilities have the chance to achieve their goals and experience success. Through excellent training and research, we nurture learning and innovation to improve the world for people with disabilities. Sponsors the Annual International Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference.
  • Kurzweil optical recognition products for Macintosh and Windows platforms. Develops reading technology for people with learning difficulties and those who are blind or visually impaired.
  • Motor Assisted NARI Handicapped Rickshaw (MANHARA) Nimbkar Agricultural Research Institute (NARI) has developed a very low-priced motorized vehicle for physically handicapped persons. MANHARA is motor assisted handpowered vehicle. [India]
  • Mucopolysaccharide (MPS) Workshop Solutions is a place in space where engineers, technicians, inventors and workshop enthusiasts can display and share knowledge on the assistive devices they have built to better the lives of the disabled. [Canada]
  • National Center for Assisted Living (NCAL) is dedicated to promoting high quality, principle-driven assisted living care and services with a steadfast commitment to excellence, innovation, and the advancement of person-centered care.
  • REMAP provides one-off technical aids which help disabled people of all ages to enjoy a better lifestyle. Every aid is given free of charge to the user. Remap operates through a network of 1,500 volunteers. The professional engineers, technicians, and craftspeople – along with medical and paramedical staff from community services and hospitals – all belong to approximately 100 panels (groups) linked to regions across the UK, with Scotland and the Isle of Man operating separately. [United Kingdom]
  • Interagency Committee on Disability Research (ICDR) was established to promote interagency disability research coordination and collaboration, and enhance communication and information sharing among federal agencies and stakeholders conducting rehabilitation research programs and activities.
  • Solve Disability Solutions (formerly TADVIC) is a not-for-profit organisation that makes and modifies equipment for people with disabilities whose needs cannot be met commercially. [Australia]
  • Tongue Display Unit (TDU)
  • Trace Research & Development Center Research to Make Everyday Technologies Accessible and Usable (University of Maryland)
  • USDA’s TARGET Center ensures that all USDA employees have safe and equal access to electronic and information technology by assessing, educating, and advocating for the integration of assistive technology and worksite accommodations.
  • VisionKey brings the latest in wearable eye-controlled communication technology to enable users with ALS, brainstem stroke, muscular dystrophy, CP, Locked-in-Syndrome, Quadriplegia, or traumatic brain injury to use eye movements for complete computer access and for augmentative communication. Available in English, French, and Spanish and runs on Macintosh and Windows platforms. Manufactured by H.K. EyeCan. [Canada]
  • WebbIE software programs that make it easier for blind and visually-impaired people, especially using screen readers, to browse the web, get the latest news, listen to podcasts and radio stations and other common tasks. They work with any screen reader, including JAWS, WindowEyes, Thunder, NVDA, and Narrator. They have been provided completely free since 2001 by Dr. Alasdair King. Available in several languages. [UK]
  • ZoomText® Screen magnification and combined screen reader/magnification software.