2024-2025 Upcoming Accessibility and UI-UX Conferences

Photo of a speaker panel and audience in a large conference auditorium

Conference Information Resources

Scheduled Conferences

Multiple dates, 2024

  • Gordon Research Conferences
    Location: various locations in the world (926 total biological, chemical, and physical scientific meetings throughout the year)

January 2024

March 2024

April 2024

May 2024

June 2024

July 2024

September 2024

October 2024

November 2024

January 2025

May 2025

June 2025

  • June 12–26, 2025
    75th Annual International Communication (ICA) Conference
    Location: Denver, Colorado

October 2025

Accessible Technical Communication Tip: Clear Out Redundant Acronym Phrases for Screen Readers

Clearing redundant acronym phrases from your writing will help with translations of your writing and will improve accessibility when screen readers read the full spelled out meaning of an acronym for visually disabled users who would be puzzled hearing "machine machine".

A Redundant Acronym Phrase (RAP) ¹ is a phrase containing an acronym plus a descriptive word that, when the acronym is expanded, the phrase contains a redundancy. For example; ATM machine. ATM is an acronym for automated teller machine. When the phrase is expanded, ATM machine becomes "automated teller machine machine". Similarly, RAP phrase becomes "Redundant Acronym Phrase phrase".

The term RAP phrase was coined in 1985 and first appeared on the Internet in 1995 as a category in the Internet Relay Chat (IRC) game Chaos. This phenomenon was later described using other terms such as RAS syndrome (Redundant Acronym Syndrome syndrome), coined in 2001. A PNS syndrome (PIN Number Syndrome syndrome) becomes a "personal identification number number syndrome syndrome".

The following is a list of Redundant Acronym Phrases often used in technical communication.

Redundant Acronym Phrases

RAP phrases

The first column lists a RAP phrase (an acronym plus a descriptive word); the second column shows how the expanded acronym phrase is read by a screen reader.

RAP phrase Expanded phrase as read by a screen reader
RAP phrase Redundant Acronym Phrase phrase
RAS syndrome Redundant Acronym Syndrome syndrome
AC current Alternating Current current
ADD disorder Attention Deficit Disorder disorder
AFC conference American Football Conference conference
AIDS syndrome Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome syndrome
AM modulation Amplitude Modulation modulation
ARM mortgage Adjustable Rate Mortgage mortgage
ATC control Air Traffic Control control
ATM machine Automated Teller Machine machine
BBS system Bulletin Board System system
CD disc Compact Disc disc
CGA adapter Color Graphics Adapter adapter
COBOL language Common Business-Oriented Language language
CPI index Consumer Price Index index
CPU unit Central Processing Unit unit
CS/DS/ES/SS segment Code/Data/Extra/Stack Segment segment
DAT tape Digital Audio Tape tape
DC Comics Detective Comics Comics
DC current Direct Current current
DOS system Disk Operating System system
EBCDIC code Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code code
EGA adapter Enhanced Graphics Adapter adapter
FM modulation Frequency Modulation modulation
GIF format Graphic Interchange Format format
GOB Bluth George Oscar Bluth Bluth (a character from the TV show Arrested Development)
HIV virus Human Immunodeficiency Virus virus
HTML language Hyper Text Markup Language language
IBM machines International Business Machines machines
IP pointer Instruction Pointer pointer
IP protocol Internet Protocol protocol
IRA account Individual Retirement Account account
IRC chat Internet Relay Chat chat
ISBN number International Standard Book Number number
KFC chicken Kentucky Fried Chicken chicken
LAN network Local Area Network network
LCD display Liquid Crystal Display display
LEM module Lunar Excursion Module module
LPG gas Liquid Propane Gas gas
MASH hospital Mobile Army Surgical Hospital hospital
MIDI interface Musical Instrument Digital Interface interface
NFC conference National Football Conference conference
NPR radio National Public Radio radio
OPEC countries Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries countries
PC circuit Printed Circuit circuit
PDF format Portable Document Format format
PERL language Practical Extraction and Reporting Language language
PIF file Program Information File file
PIN number Personal Identification Number number
PNS syndrome PIN Number Syndrome syndrome (Personal Identification Number Number Syndrome syndrome)
POST test Power On Self Test test
RAM memory Random Access Memory memory
RF frequency Radio Frequency frequency
RISC computer Reduced Instruction Set Computer computer
ROM memory Read Only Memory memory
RPN notation Reverse Polish Notation notation
SALT talks Strategic Arms Limitation Talks talks
SAM missile Surface-to-Air Missile missile
SAT test Scholastic Assessment (Aptitude) Test test
START talks Strategic Arms Reduction Talks talks
START treaty Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty treaty
TWA airline Trans World Airline airline
UHF frequency Ultra-High Frequency frequency
UL laboratories Underwriters Laboratories laboratories
UN nations United Nations nations
UNIVAC computer Universal Automatic Computer computer
UPC code Universal Product Code code
UPI international United Press International international
USGS survey United States Geological Survey survey
VAT tax Value Added Tax tax
VGA adapter Variable Graphics Adapter adapter
VHF frequency Very High Frequency frequency
VIN number Vehicle Identification Number number

¹ The original material for this was part of The Nandy Conure Page website, which stopped being maintained in 2011. The website was about the Nandy Conure parrot but it also provided some resources for technical writers and editors. Much of the site is deleted since 2011. The RAP information is presented here to preserve the information for accessible technical communication.